Things to Know About Culture of Indonesia
About Culture of Indonesia as Language, Religion, Traditional Lifestyle, Indonesians distinctive cuisine, Indonesian Music and Dance Etc.
Indonesian culture, like Indonesia itself, is really a fascinating blend of indigenous, Malay, Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic elements. Indonesia is really a country of great diversity and it is national motto is “Unity in Diversity.” This diversity can also be found in all aspects of culture: language, housing, cuisine, dance and music, artistic expression, etc. as each one has many local variants.
The state language of Indonesia is called Indonesian or ‘Bahasa Indonesian’. Indonesian is a standardised dialect from the Malay language and was formulated during the time of the declaration of Indonesian independence in 1945. Malay and Indonesian remain much the same.
Although the official langauge, in reality it’s most of the population’s second language. Because of the sheer size and fractured, island make-up of the nation most people speak regional dialects for example Minangkabau or Javanese. These will usually be spoken both at home and in the local community but at the office or at school Indonesian is used.
Indonesia may be the country with the largest Muslim population on the planet. Approximately 80 percent of all Indonesians are devout Muslims. Generally, Indonesia is a deeply religious nation and also that applies to the minorities of Christians, Hindus and Buddhists.Pancasila, their state philosophy, says that having a monotheistic religion is required.
That explains why Indonesians do not understand and can’t very well accept that people (foreigners) may admit they don’t have a religion.Contrary to what may seem from international news coverage the various faiths in Indonesia largely co-exist alongside. Yet, discussions about different religions will never be held in public. There is an unwritten convention in Indonesia that certain accepts the religion of others. Along with the Muslim holidays, Christian, Buddhist and Hindu holiday season is recognized and celebrated.
‘Keeping face’ is essential to Indonesians and they are generally extremely courteous – criticisms aren’t spoken directly and they will usually accept what you say rather than offend. They’ll also prefer to say something instead of appear as if they don’t know the answer. They mean well however when you ask how to get somewhere, you might often find yourself being sent off within the wrong direction.
Indonesians distinctive cuisine continues to be derived from centuries with the influence from the Chinese, European, Middle Eastern and also the Indians. The staple food on most Indonesian dishes is rice served with meat and vegetables. Flavors of Vietnamese and Thai food may also be got from the cuisine of Indonesia. Spices, notably chili, and coconut milk are fundamental ingredients in many of the dishes, especially chicken and fish.
Home to hundreds of types of music, it plays a huge role in Indonesia’s art and culture. Traces of their origin can be made to the islands of Java, Sumatra and Bali. ‘Gamelan’ may be the traditional music from Central- and East Java and Bali. Another extremely popular style of music is ‘Dangdut’ that is accompanied with free dance style. This style first emerged in the 1970s and is quite beneficial in political campaigns. Other forms of music range from the Keroncong with its roots in Portugal, the soft Sasando music from West Timor and Degung and Angklung from West Java, that is played with bamboo instruments.
The standard dances depict episodes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata from India. Traditional Javanese and Balinese tinge can also be seen in the dance types of Indonesian art and culture. The highly stylized dances from the courts of Yogyakarta and Surakarta are the popular variations. Mythological era of Indonesia are also depicted.
Cultural Sites of Indonesia are:
- Palembang featuring its the 18th century remnants from the Muslim rule
- Borobudur is one of the Seven Wonders around the globe. The site consists of the Hindu- Buddhist temple from the ninth century.
- Jakarta is also among the cultural sites of Indonesia because it consists of a number of museums and markets that are dedicated to indigenous art and crafts.
- Taman Sari that is a water castle used by the queens and kings for bathing and relaxation.